Lepidoptera: Lithocolletinae

321 Phyllonorycter messaniella (Zeller, 1846) 

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Food Plant: Quercus (Oak), Carpinus (Hornbeam), Fagus (Beech), Castanea (Sweet Chestnut).

Mine: March - April, July, October

Notes: The mine is oval on Q. ilex (Holm Oak), and similar to P. quercifoliella on deciduous oaks. It is between adjacent veins on beech and hornbeam. The larva (illustrated) is a pale yellow colour; the head having darker sides. It over winters in holm oak.

Pupa: cremaster

Image: Rob Edmunds